Afghan Voice Agency (AVA): The war in Ukraine and Europe's response to it by imposing sanctions against Russia, especially in the energy sector, have faced the countries of the Union with an energy crisis, along with economic consequences such as creating unprecedented inflation. This crisis, in the form of electricity and gas shortages, has worried European governments on the eve of the cold season and forced them to take measures to reduce energy consumption.
The European continent is looking for a solution so that it does not remain in the dark. In France, government officials are preparing for possible planned and targeted blackouts this winter, which are inevitable if the power grid becomes overloaded when the weather is cold.
Earlier, the CEO of the French telecommunications company "Orange" announced that this winter, without electricity, telecommunications will not work. He said in the Economic Affairs Commission of the French Senate: In case of a targeted power cut, it is clear that telephone and internet connections will be cut. Therefore, it becomes impossible to make phone calls or even call emergency numbers.
According to the French weekly Lex press, this situation is not limited to France, and almost all European countries are facing the consequences of the increase in energy prices, especially gas, and its effects on electricity production, especially since the start of the war in Ukraine and the gradual cutoff of supplies from Russia.
Across Europe, the risk of blackouts is very real this winter and consumers are being urged to be vigilant. Several countries have planned back-up measures in case of grid congestion despite warnings.
The UK has introduced an energy emergency plan, which includes planned reductions in consumption for households and businesses if the grid becomes saturated. This country is facing a decrease in gas imports from the rest of Europe, and the worst possible possibility is a 36-hour blackout across the country. This blackout could cause serious problems such as blacking out street lights and disrupting banking systems: BBC Radio has also prepared emergency messages to broadcast.
In Germany, more than anything, the word "education" is emphasized. The government organization for civil protection and relief is responsible for educating people in case of power outages and the main idea is to learn to perform basic and basic measures and, for example, prepare an emergency bag with a light.
Fast supply of cash, in response to the fear of failure of ATMs, is another mission of this organization. Another measure of the government is to reduce the temperature of public swimming pools. For example, a pool in Hannover is offering gym users cold showers instead of hot water to help alleviate potential energy shortages this winter. Berlin's annual festival of light shows took place this week, but organizers said they managed to cut electricity consumption by 75 percent compared to last year.
In this regard, Italy has revived the mechanism for determining the ceiling of energy use. In this way, some establishments can close earlier to reduce energy consumption. Shops can close at 7pm and restaurants and night clubs at 11pm. These measures will also be implemented for government offices. Another measure is to reduce residential heating by two degrees and stop public lighting on the street. Earlier and from this spring, other saving measures such as stopping the activity of public fountains have been implemented.
Spain has limited the average temperature of restaurants, shops and offices to 19 degrees. Businesses must also turn off window lights from 10 p.m. and all places with air conditioning or heating must be equipped with an automatic door closing mechanism to avoid wasting energy. At the same time, the government should encourage residents to use public transport, some lines will be free until the end of the year. In October (Libra/Scorpio), the government approved a comprehensive energy saving plan called "More Energy Security", which included 73 measures aimed at reducing natural gas consumption and adopting the right measures.
Poland can be declared the winner of the most restrictive energy saving measures.
In order to encourage citizens to be energy conscious, the ruling party allows them to conditionally use the previous tariffs. The condition of benefiting from this consumption privilege is up to the limit announced by the government, and in case of exceeding this certain limit, people will have to pay the new price of energy consumption.
In Ireland, the emphasis is still on the use of the motor, on which the country is heavily dependent.
The government recommends adjusting tire pressure and driving slowly to save energy. The government also encourages people to choose to walk, cycle or take public transport on weekends. Dublin has even delayed turning on Parliament's heating system.
While European countries are preparing for the worst possible situation, Hungary is facing this crisis, according to the "Telex" information base, "half of the country is paralyzed." The database makes it clear that theaters will remain closed throughout the winter, just like the Budapest Theater, which is "closed since the beginning of November." Hungary is affected on all levels. In order to reduce energy consumption for heating schools, school holidays for All Saints' Day are canceled and Christmas holidays are extended has been in some cities, hot water baths and many gyms will not reopen until spring.
The war that started in Ukraine on February 24 (5 Pisces) is still going on with all the sanctions of Europe and with the support of arms from Kiev. In the latest action, the member states of the European Union agreed on Friday night to set a ceiling of $60 per barrel for the export of Russian crude oil transported by sea.
This decision ended several days of tough negotiations between the representatives of the 27 member states of the European Union, because on the one hand, Poland, Estonia and Lithuania were looking for a lower price, and on the other hand, Greece, Malta and the Greek government of the island of Cyprus (all of which are from transport and they earn money by transporting Russian oil) had pushed for a higher price.
The purpose of setting this price ceiling is to hit Moscow's income from the export and sale of crude oil, at the same time as the Russian war against Ukraine approaches 2023, its second year.