Publish dateThursday 21 September 2023 - 18:31
Story Code : 277014
Different meeting of "Moscow format" about the future of Afghanistan
Danishyar/ The next round of talks about the future of Afghanistan in the form of "Moscow format" is scheduled to be held on September 29, in the city of Kazan, Russia. This meeting will be held with the presence of representatives of Russia, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan, China, India, Iran and Pakistan, and the Acting Minister of Foreign Affairs of the Islamic Emirate of Afghanistan is also present at the invitation of Russia, and while in the previous meeting, Moscow did not invite any representative from the Islamic Emirate, it seems that the upcoming meeting is extremely important and emphasizes the importance and political weight of this round of negotiations in the framework of Moscow.
It is expected that after the results of the Moscow format meeting in Kazan, a joint statement will be approved by the parties.
But what topics are on the agenda of this meeting?
1- Forming an inclusive government
In the upcoming session of the Moscow format, the most important topic to be discussed is the possibility of creating an inclusive interim government in Afghanistan with the presence of the Islamic Emirate. This issue has been expressed in the words of Zamir Kabulov, Russia's special representative for Afghanistan affairs, as well as Maria Zakharova, in recent days.
Zamir Kabulov has recently announced that at the "Moscow Format" meeting, there will be a discussion on the creation of an inclusive ethno-political government in Afghanistan.
Considering the previous visit of Ahmed Masoud, the head of the Panjshir Resistance Front to Moscow and the reception he was given by the Deputy Chairman of the Duma of this country and the head of the Russian Party, it seems that a dialogue between different political currents of Afghanistan will be held in the upcoming meeting of Format.

Moscow has received more attention than before and should be on the agenda of this meeting. For this reason, it is possible that for the purpose of intra-Afghan negotiations, other than the special representatives of the regional countries in Afghanistan affairs and also the Acting Minister of Foreign Affairs of the Islamic Emirate, some other political figures of Afghanistan will participate in the Moscow format meeting.
This is despite the fact that a lot of time has passed since the previous regional meetings with the presence of various Afghan political-ethnic personalities and currents, and there was practically no foundation for the formation of an inclusive government and the resumption of intra-Afghan negotiations by the various countries and parties involved in the Afghanistan issue, but it is expected Just as the Moscow format meeting for the first time laid the groundwork for intra-Afghan negotiations before the Doha negotiations, this time it can once again turn on the lights of these negotiations.
Although some tried to pretend that Russia's approach to the issue of Afghanistan and the Islamic Emirate has changed following Ahmad Massoud's visit to Moscow, such an analysis is definitely unrealistic and there is no sign of a change in Russia's approach to the Islamic Emirate.

On the one hand, due to the fact that the Taliban has completely dominated Afghanistan in terms of politics and security, and there have been improvements in the management of this country, especially in the economic aspect, which is clearly stated in the World Bank report, and on the other hand, the resistance front of Panjshir and Every other opposition movement has faced severe internal problems and disputes, and on the other hand, they have faced serious military and political defeats inside the country, and they have no place in Afghanistan. Therefore, in the current situation, there is no alternative for the Islamic Emirate.
However, the international community is definitely looking for the formation of a comprehensive government in the country to ensure stable stability in the future of Afghanistan, and they continue to emphasize the necessity of forming such a government, while the Islamic Emirate calls these positions a form of interference in Afghanistan's internal affairs. In the meantime, the international community with a realistic approach can help restart intra-Afghan negotiations and agree to form an inclusive government by accepting the current reality of Afghanistan and the dominance of the Islamic Emirate over the country.
In the meantime, reports that the issue of recognizing the caretaker government of the Islamic Emirate of Afghanistan will be discussed in this meeting were published a day after the new Chinese ambassador in Kabul, Zhao Xing, began his work. China was the first country whose ambassador presented his credentials to Mullah Mohammad Hassan Akhund, the head of the Islamic Emirate. But Zamir Kabulov, the special representative of the Russian president for Afghanistan affairs, said that the official recognition of the Taliban is not on the agenda of the upcoming meeting in Moscow.
2- Expressing concern about the state of human rights and the obligations of the Islamic Emirate
Another possible agenda of the Moscow format meeting will be the situation of human rights in Afghanistan and the issue of girls' education and women's work, and the previous commitments of the Islamic Emirate to the international community in this regard, and the countries of the region will once again repeat their views in this regard.
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