Publish dateSunday 10 September 2023 - 09:26
Story Code : 276369
The joint statement of the G20 summit called for peace while refraining from condemning Russia
The Group of 20 top economies in the world welcomed the African Union as a new member in a joint statement at their annual meeting this Saturday. This group was also asked about Russia's war in Ukraine, without condemning Russia, only to avoid occupying the territory of other countries by resorting to force and to limit the use of nuclear weapons.
Afghan Voice Agency (AVA): According to Euro News, more than one fifth of the leaders of the Group of 20 were not present at the opening of the summit in New Delhi. The leaders of Russia and China preferred not to face their American and European counterparts. Pedro Sánchez, the Prime Minister of Spain, did not come to this ceremony after testing positive for Covid-19. The President of Mexico has apparently decided not to come to India.
Joe Biden, German Chancellor Olaf Schultz, British Prime Minister Rishi Sunak, Saudi Arabia's Mohammed bin Salman and Japan's Fumio Kishida are among the leaders present at this event.
French President Emmanuel Macron also arrived in New Delhi a little late after watching the opening of the Rugby World Cup and missed the morning meetings.
However, the consensus of the members on the text of the leaders' statement was surprising because the group was divided into two groups over the war in Ukraine; Western countries were trying to include strong condemnation of Russia in the statement, while other countries wanted to focus on broader economic issues. Finally, Western countries failed to condemn Russia in a joint statement.
The members recalled the national positions and UN resolutions and asked all countries to act in accordance with the principles contained in the UN Charter. In this statement, it is stated that "in line with the United Nations Charter, all countries must refrain from threatening or using force against the territorial integrity and sovereignty or political independence of any country - with the aim of acquiring territorial possessions." [Also] the use or threat of use of nuclear weapons is unacceptable."
The statement also called for the safe flow of grain, food and fertilizer exports from Ukraine and Russia through the Black Sea. Moscow pulled out of the deal in July over what it called a failure to meet its demands for easing rules on Russian food and fertilizer exports.
The language used in the text of this year's statement was milder than the text of the G20 summit in Bali, Indonesia last year, which, quoting from the UN resolution, "condemned in the strongest possible terms the aggression of the Russian Federation against Ukraine and called for a complete and unimpeded withdrawal." The condition of this country became from the territory of Ukraine.
Despite the fact that much of the world's focus is on Russia's war in Ukraine and many issues, such as food and energy security, are important to Europe; But in this summit, India sought to draw more attention to the needs of developing countries.
In this meeting, there was widespread support for the African Union joining the G20. Thus, the African Union became the second regional bloc after the European Union to become a permanent member of this group.
The African continent was in the spotlight due to the earthquake that occurred on Friday night in Morocco and when most of the representatives of the countries were sleeping in New Delhi. In his opening remarks, Modi expressed his condolences and support. He said: "In this difficult time, the entire international community is with Morocco and we are ready to provide them with all possible assistance."
Addressing the leaders of the countries present, Modi said that in order to solve the broad challenges that he said were caused by "the ups and downs of the global economy, the divide between the countries of the global north and south [developed and less developed countries], the divide between East and West" and other issues such as terrorism, cyber security, health and water security; You should think of a "certain solution".
Modi made these remarks while a plaque in front of him on the table used the name "Bharat" favored by Hindu nationalists instead of the country's name "India".
He invited all members to put an end to "global mistrust".
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