Publish dateWednesday 7 June 2023 - 13:48
Story Code : 271362
Worried about America
Habibullah, Danishyar/ America and Brazil; Relations ignited by Amazon and the war in Ukraine. The United States and Europe extended the war by continuing to send arms to Kiev. The statement that Lula da Silva, the president of Brazil, made from the heart of Beijing, the capital of China, was nothing more than an expression of fire under the ashes in US-Brazil relations; The fire was fueled by "disappointment" as da Silva returned from Washington on his first foreign trip since taking office, as the United States limited itself to announcing $50 million in support for the Amazon Fund, the world's largest forest conservation fund, while they were supposed to offer help.
Two months after the visit, Lula expressed his intention to visit China, the United States' biggest regional and global trade rival, to conclude a series of economic agreements as well as to discuss a peace initiative Lula is seeking to offer to warring countries. . The meeting preceded Brazil's political actions last March, when Brazil's special adviser to the president on foreign policy, Celsus Amorim, went to Russia to discuss the possibility of accepting Brazil-led mediation to end the war in Ukraine. However, the adviser to the president of Brazil returned to his country without visiting Ukraine and communicating with its leaders.
America is angry!
According to Rubens Barbosa, Brazil's former ambassador to the United States, "What angered the Americans was not the economic rapprochement between Brazil and China, but Brazil's attempt to bring a peace initiative through China's doors, because the United States considers China to be Russia's first ally. Barbosa told Al-Sharq that the conflicting parties are not willing to sit at the negotiating table, and it is difficult for Washington to accept China's role as a mediator in the peace process, because there is no understanding between them. American officials say that Brazil's latest diplomatic moves Surprised and disappointed because they are not seriously offering an opportunity to play a mediating role in stopping Russia's war in Ukraine.
Meanwhile, the most provocative statements for the US government were the recent comments made by President Lula da Silva before returning to Brazil after his trip to China, where he said: "The US and Europe are going to war by continuing to send weapons to Kiev. They continue". Da Silva added: "Russian President Vladimir Putin and Ukrainian President Volodymyr Zelensky are not taking the initiative to stop the war, and Europe and the United States are still playing a role in the continuation of this war." As a result of these statements, the president of Brazil was severely criticized by Washington, and John Kirby, the spokesman of the US National Security Council, told reporters: "In this case, Brazil is repeating the propaganda of Russia and China, regardless of the facts."
Quiet initiatives
In an effort to calm the situation, especially after a pressure campaign from Europe and the United States, Lula changed his tune and spoke formally to Romanian President Klaus Iohannis at a dinner at the presidential palace, saying: "At the same time. While my government condemns the violation of Ukraine's territorial integrity, we are in favor of a negotiated political solution to end the conflict." He also added that he is worried about the global consequences of the conflict between the parties, such as the lack of energy and food, and emphasized the need to create a group of countries that would bring Russia and Ukraine to the negotiating table in order to reach a conclusion.
Between April 21 and 25, Lula visited Portugal and Spain to discuss future economic cooperation, as well as soften the climate with European countries directly involved in the Russia-Ukraine conflict and try to convince them of the possibility of success in The role of mediation is to persuade. However, a number of political analysts in Brazil believe that this mediation will not be successful due to the frequency of conflicts between the parties and the escalation of military tension between them.
Not the first shock
Bruno Belcini, professor of international relations at Rio Gradi University, told Al-Sharq: "The relations between the two countries (Brazil and the United States) are based on the idea of exchanging long-term interests and maintaining a safe distance, until the two countries are politically and even economically do not collide".
But he added: Historically, this relationship has undergone many changes, the most important of which has been in recent years, especially during the rule of Jair Bolsonaro, the right-wing president, because the former president of Brazil is considered a close admirer of the former president of the United States. . Donald Trump."
The expert continued: "After the defeat of Trump and the return of the Democrats to power, there were clear differences, especially on environmental issues, forest protection and human rights, as well as diplomatic tensions caused by Bolsonaro's public statements, which led to widespread criticism of the method. He was to deal with the crisis caused by Covid.
Historically, the United States was the first country to recognize Brazil's independence from Portugal in 1822, opening a consulate in the city of Recife in the state of Pernambuco as part of an American strategy to limit European influence in the southern continent.
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